Discount for Lack of Marketability (DLOM)

October 3rd, 2022
Book cover for DLOMs and the IRS: the underside of a pier out into the ociean

This is the third in a series of five articles regarding the title above. When valuing a minority interest in a privately held company two common adjustments are made after determining the controlling fair market value of the entity. These adjustments are the Minority Interest Discount adjustment and the Discount for Lack of Marketability (DLOM) adjustment. This article explores issues associated with the DLOM associated with a minority interest to help address conflicts or disputes with IRS valuers and agents. These can be very material leading to significant conflicts. The results can lead to discussions with their immediate supervisor and in the instances of an unagreed case to Appeals at the IRS. The purpose of this article is to highlight and introduce ways to minimize these conflicts

September 6th, 2022
three hands pointing fingers at three other hands

This is part 2 of a 6 part series. Conflicts and disputes in the area of business valuation with the IRS may be expected given the subjective nature of this topic. Part 1 set the stage introducing the concepts of mediation, business valuer bias, steps to overcome bias, federal court rules, the likelihood of litigation, how most appraisers never know their appraisal is being audited by the IRS, and potential penalties on appraisers. This Part 2 commentary focuses on the most commonly adjusted areas by IRS valuers and what valuers can do to reduce the probability of an audit technically.

August 3rd, 2020
IRS symbol with IRS - blue background and white symbol and lettering

On July 1, 2020 it was my pleasure to be interviewed by Melissa Gragg, CVA, MAFF, CDFA and Managing Partner at Bridge Valuation Partners, LLC. This 84 minute podcast is packed many ideas of how to avoid and what to do if audited by the IRS on an estate or gift tax return. For business valuers this commentary focuses on the most common adjustments by IRS Business Valuers and what you might want to consider to both avoid an audit and what to do if audited. What does this have to do with The Collaboration Effect® you may ask. Read on. Clearly not everything in that podcast can be presented here, but some of the key highlights can be. The purpose of this commentary is to focus on one of the questions from that podcast. That is: What are the most common adjustments by IRS Business Valuers.

August 6th, 2017
Relationship, Trust, IRS and Negotiations

I know as a negotiator one of the most important elements towards reaching an agreement in a negotiation is to build and have trust.  In order to have trust it is important to build a relationship with the other party. This is true in any negotiation, but especially with the IRS.